Nageeb thought all nurses were young females until a middle aged male nurse took care of him. Nageeb’s altered conception of a “nurse” illustrates the process of

  • Nageeb thought all nurses were young females until a middle aged male nurse took care of him. Nageeb’s altered conception of a “nurse” illustrates the process of :                                                                        (1 point)

 

 

  • Regis thinks it’s wrong to drive over the speed limit simply because he might get punished for doing so. He is demonstrating Kohlberg’s ___________ stage of moral development.                                                     (1 point)

 

  1. conventional
  2. postconventional
  3. preconventional
  4. preoperational

 

  • Branden is so apathetic about his occupational future that he has already been fired by four different employers in two years. According to Erikson, Branden is experiencing a crisis associated with which social development stage ?

(1 point)

  1. Competence vs Inferiority
  2. Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
  3. Identity vs Role Confusion
  4. Generativity vs Stagnation

 

  • Morgan constantly clings to her mother in situations when unfamiliar children are around. She does not want to leave her mother even if there are toys to explore or children to play with.  When her mother leaves her for a few minutes, Morgan cries loudly.  However, when her mother returns and picks her up, Morgan cannot calm down.  Based on this information, what type of attachment pattern (according to Ainsworth) would Morgan be exhibiting ?  _________________________________________                                                                           (1 point)

 

 

  • Explain how poor nutrition, stress, and teratogens each pose as risk factors. Identify the impact each has on development of a person (give an example of how each could impact developmental outcome).  (3 points)

 

 

 

 

 

  • Compare the three stages of prenatal development. Identify at least two facts for each stage that would differentiate that stage from the others.  Which stage is the most crucial for development ?  Why ?  Support your answer with at least a couple of facts from your lecture notes.                                                          (8 points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Jennifer mistakenly believes that her mother would like to receive a toy doll as a Christmas present (because that is what she would like herself). Johnny, her brother, cries and acts as if his favourite teddy bear doesn’t exist when he sees Jennifer hide his teddy bear under a blanket.  Compare the stage of cognitive development exhibited by each sibling and explain your reasoning for your conclusion.                                               (4 points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Pat is a student in your class who does not identify as a man nor as a woman and doesn’t want to be pressured into conforming to society’s views of men vs women and binary categorization. Other students comment that Pat is a woman because Pat has the features of a woman’s body. Discuss the differentiation between the concepts of ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ as applied to Pat’s case.  How is the case of Pat similar to the case of either David Reimer or Anne S. (covered in my powerpoint slides) ?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     (3 points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Transduction occurs in the ______________________ of the eye for vision, the ______________________ of the ear for audition, and the _______________________ of the skin for pain sensation. (3 points)

 

  • People who have difficulty seeing things from afar, must bring objects closer to see better, and would benefit from wearing glasses. Likely these people have a problem with their ______________________.                  (1 point)
  1. retina
  2. cornea
  3. pupil
  4. iris

 

  • Jeremy became very ill and developed an ear infection which caused his tympanic membrane to become inflamed. Jeremy most likely experiences _____________________ deafness.                                    (1 point)

 

  • Compared to low frequency sound waves, high frequency sound waves (of similar height as the low frequency waves) would be perceived as _______________________. (1 point)
  1. high pitched.
  2. low pitched.

 

  • Nancy, Claudia, and Sue were all sitting together at one table in the cafeteria, so Jane perceived that they were all friends. This best illustrates the principle of : _________________________.                                     (1 point)

 

  • A puzzle is missing a single piece, but you still fill in the gap and perceive the picture. This illustrates the principle of _________________________.                                                                                                         (1 point)

 

  • As the farmer looked across her field, the parallel rows of young plants appeared to converge and come together in the distance. This provided her with the distance cue known as __________________________
  1. continuity (1 point)
  2. linear perspective.

 

  • If two objects cast retinal images of the same size, the object that appears to be closer is perceived as _______________________ the object that appears to be more distant. (1 point)
  1. overlapping
  2. smaller than
  3. larger than
  4. the same size as

 

  • Which of the following is false ? (1 point)
  1. Substance P is a chemical released to convey signals regarding pain.
  2. Phantom limb pain occurs when a person still feels as if a missing limb exists.
  3. The Gate Control Theory states that endorphins can open a neural gate for pain.
  4. The most sensitive area of the human body is the face.

 

  • Sara knows her dog is just as black in the brilliant sunlight as it is in the dim light of the garage. This illustrates what is known as _______________________.                                                                                                  (1 point)
  1. brightness constancy.
  2. relative clarity.
  3. location constancy.
  4. light and shadow.

 

 

  • Explain how we use binocular cues to perceive the world in three dimensions. (2 points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Contrast sensation and perception. What do you sense and what do you perceive when you see the following image  ?                                                                                                                                                                               (2 points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Derek is colourblind. Which cells of his eyes would most likely be responsible for this problem ?  Where would you find the greatest concentration of these cells ?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           (2 points)

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