Mariola Espinosa, Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits

1Mariola Espinosa, Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Independence, 1878-1930 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009).Questions to Guide your ReadingChapter 1§ What is the major argument of the book? That is, what is the main point the author is tryingto convey and substantiate with this work?§ What kinds of inequalities become clear for those who study the history of epidemics?What tends to be the difference in the study of inequalities between noncolonial andcolonized regions?§ What were the four motivations that drove colonial empires to invest in public healthefforts in colonized regions?§ To what does the title of the book refer?Chapter 2§ What were some of the local responses to yellow fever outbreaks in the U.S. South?§ What did experts erroneously believe to be the cause of yellow fever? How did thatunderstanding of the disease affect official attempts to prevent its spread?§ What was the impact of yellow fever on the wars between Cuba and Spain?§ How specifically did yellow fever figure into the arguments of proponents of the annexationof Cuba to the US? Explain how these proponents saw yellow fever in an internationalpolitical context.Chapter 3§ After Cuba gained its independence from Spain, how was yellow fever an entry point for theU.S. to exercise control?§ Describe the sanitation and quarantine procedures enacted during the U.S. occupation.§ What were some of the diverse responses that Cubans had to the inspection and sanitationprocedures?§ How does the author explain the U.S. preoccupation with Cuban yellow fever? How does sherefute competing explanations?Chapter 4§ What was Carlos Finlay’s contribution to understanding the true cause of yellow fever?§ What was Jesse Lazear’s contribution?§ Who were the volunteers for yellow fever experiments?§ How did this new understanding of the disease change prevention methods?§ What is the author’s point about the differing governmental responses to yellow fever ascompared to tuberculosis?Chapter 5§ What conditions did the U.S. place on Cuban independence at the conclusion of theoccupation?2§ How did sanitation factor in the debates over independent Cuba’s first constitution? Whatwas the Cuban delegates’ position on sanitation in the constitution?§ What were the many outcomes of the yellow fever cases in Santiago de Cuba in 1904?Chapter 6§ From pages 98-99, explain the concept of hegemony. How does hegemony apply to acolonial relationship between states?§ Why did the U.S. press describe Cubans as uninterested or uncommitted to public health?§ How did Cuban sanitation officials respond to these characterizations?§ Why does the author say that the dependence relationship on the issue of yellow fever wasactually the reverse of what Americans assumed?§ What was the significance of correcting the version of history that ignored or belittledCarlos Finlay’s role in defining the cause of yellow fever?§ What does the author mean by arguing that the U.S. achieved dominance over Cuba but nothegemony?Chapter 7§ What patterns or precedents from the era of yellow fever eradication in Cuba repeated inother Latin American nations in the second decade of the 20th century?Response PaperCraft an analytical paper based on the reading. Focus on what you found to be the strongestelements that help you answer the questions below.How did the timing of serious yellow fever outbreaks at the end of the 19th centuryoverlap with a changing political relationship between the US and Cuba?Papers should be 1 ½ to 2 pages in length, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins, and typed in 11pt.or 12pt. font. Papers may not exceed 2 pages. The strongest essays will begin with a specificargument related to the topic and develop themes and specific, concrete examples that support andillustrate that thesis. Papers with quoted material and lacking footnotes will receive a ZERO.Footnotes should be formatted according to Chicago Style. If you are unfamiliar with Chicago-stylecitation, we have full access to the digital Chicago Manual of Style through the library’s website.Search for “Chicago Manual of Style online” in the library catalog.ALL PAPERS ARE DUE BY 12:00 PM THROUGH BLACKBOARD. LATE PAPERS WILL NOT BEACCEPTED.

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