THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF PROFESSIONAL COUNSELING

THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF PROFESSIONAL COUNSELING This article chronicles the history, describes the present, and reveals the future of the counseling profession. It explores how and when this profession came into existence and how it has developed into what it is today.The human services field in one of its earliest forms was seen in England with the Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1601 (Martin, 2014); however, this legislation only provided aid for the poor and did not yet emphasize any intervention besides punishment. We start to see glimpses of the modern counselor in the late 1800’s.The Charity Organization Society (COS) was founded in 1870 because of an overwhelming disapproval of the social welfare system of the time. This organization sent out individuals to act as “case workers”.It wastheir job to visit the aid applicant’s home, investigate and uncover the cause of the family’s hardships, and then provide them with the framework to correct it (Trattner, 1998).It isn’t until the emergence of psychoanalysis, in the early 1900’s, that we see specialized, one-on-one diagnosis and treatment being performed again (Schacter, Gilbert & Wegner, 2009). We will thenexamine modern counseling practices and career fields and seek to gain insight about the future of the field.THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF PROFESSIONAL COUNSELINGGetting HelpThe field of human services refers to a multidisciplinary field of study and practice that seeks to meet all human needs by using a diverse knowledge base, focusing on both remediation as well as prevention, and continually improving the quality of life of the service populations (National Organization of Human Services, 2015).Examples of human service professionals include social workers, counselors, psychologists, outreach workers, researchers, teachers, behavior specialists, and community planners (Lincoln University, 2015). These individuals seekto help those in need overcome the barriers that prevent them from attaining their needs in life. Such barriers include lack of family, mental illness, racism and other forms of oppression, natural disaster, lack of education, unemployment, physical and mental disabilities, and many more (Martin, 2014).Because of the wide variety of issues that human service professionals combat on a daily basis, they are required to be generalists and pull from a vast array of knowledge in order to best care for their service population.There are many ideological approaches to solving the problems of those in need, but no matter which type of human service professional is involved the goal is always to help people become self-sufficient and function at their very best, not only personally but within their society (Ma………………….Not ready? We are here to write this paper from scratch.Place an order for this assignment or any other paper with us. We guarantee that the paper will be delivered within the specified deadline. We also have a personalized customer support and you will be able to communicate with your writer throughout the order preparation process. Thank you for choosing us.

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