Breast cancer examinations in statistics.
Respond to Marlys Oliver post with two references.
Why are breast cancer examinations so popular in statistics? According to CDC 2020 breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the United States. Screening test plays a big roll in early detection and increasing survival rate. The chance of a woman getting cancer is 1 in 8. Breast cancer death rates have been stable in younger women and have continuing decrease in women over 50 years old. AHS 2021, mentions how this decrease in death meant to be due to the early detection with the screening mammograms, the increase of information provided to patients, and the better treatments.How has the treatment evolved in the past, present, and future? Breast cancer was initially treated as a local disease, and the primary treatment was limited to surgical interventions and radical mastectomies, according to Vincent 2021. Treatment for breast cancer is getting better over time, and more options are available for patients depending on the age and stage. Current treatments include surgery and for most of the patient’s lumpectomy or conserving breast surgery, how is sometimes called, is the most used. Radiation therapy can be performed with a machine outside the body or implanted inside the breast as a tiny seed that gives off radiation. Chemotherapy, hormone therapy, target therapy, and immunotherapy are other treatment types available for patients (Nazario, 2021).Future treatment of breast cancer includes a more genetic understanding of the patient’s disease, referred to as precision medicine, mentioned by Manager, 2020. With precision medicine, more information regarding tumors and genes can be obtained to provide better treatment and improve diagnosis. Also, patients with a high risk for developing cancer can be identified, allowing a proactive perspective to early detection, including more frequent and exceeding screen tests. Discuss the future diagnosis and current effective treatment
Even ultrasounds have been using for a long time; improvements to the technology promise to make it more helpful in looking for cancer. Similar techniques to the MRI are now under investigation, such as magnetic resonance elastography (MRE), which draws an image of the breast based on vibrating tissue elasticity (Zamora, 2020). Zamora 2020 mention also that another method for future breast cancer screening may include the positron emission tomography (PET) that will be able to differentiate the highest metabolism of the tumor from the normal cells, the ductal lavage and ductoscopy, the electrical impedance spectral imaging (EIS), the microwave imaging spectroscopy (MIS), and the near-infrared (NIR) spectral imaging. Scientists are looking to integrate the technologies if one of these screening methods is found promising.
According to Cancer 2021, in cancer care, doctors specializing in different areas of cancer treatment such as surgery, radiation oncology, and medical oncology work together with radiologists and pathologists to create a patient’s overall treatment plan that combines different types of treatments. The biology and behavior of breast cancer affect the treatment plan. Some tumors are smaller but grow quickly, while others are larger and grow slowly. Treatment options and recommendations are very personalized and depend on several factors, including the tumor’s subtype, the stage, the genomic markers, the patient’s age, general health, menopausal status, and preferences, and the results of genetic tests. Smaller cancers like DCIS and early invasive ductal carcinoma are treated with surgery. For larger cancers or those that are growing more quickly, doctors may recommend systemic treatment with chemotherapy or hormonal therapy before surgery, called neoadjuvant therapy.
When surgery to remove the cancer is not possible, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, and/or hormonal therapy may be given to shrink cancer (Cancer, 2021).
With that information provided, I can conclude that as earlier as the cancer is found, simple and better treatment will be provided to patients, and the mortality rate will be reduced notably. 2- Discuss the latest statistics of heart disease nationally and globally and every new information you can gather about how the treatment and management have evolved in the current years.
Heart disease is a leading cause of death in the United States, and it creates an enormous burden for people, communities, and healthcare providers and systems. One person dies every 36 seconds in the United States from cardiovascular disease, according to CDC,2020, and more than 650,000 Americans die from heart disease each year (1 in every four deaths)In the CDC’s most recent update, the American Heart Association reports that heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, representing 30% of all global deaths, most of which are in low- and middle-income countries.
Based on the latest statistics, heart disease prevention is vital. The American Heart Association promotes seven important health factors and behaviors that can drastically reduce the risk of developing heart disease, including not smoking, staying active, eating healthy, maintaining healthy body weight, and controlling cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar. Along with proper screening and treatment for heart disease, these steps can help reduce the devastating impact that heart disease has on public health in the United States and around the world.
Bidhuri, 2020 mentions how many new treatment techniques have come up to help patients recover from heart disease, including the Transcatheter Aorta Valve Replacement (TAVR) for patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease. The TAVR can replace the patient’s aorta valve without a single cut on the body or any patient’s major surgery. Another treatment is the Shock Wave Lithotripsy Angioplasty use for heart blockage; this procedure is used to insert stents through intervention by doing angioplasty.
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