Personality Disorders Discussion 3

Week 3: Personality Disorders Discussion 3

Week 3: Personality Disorders Discussion 3

Discussion: Treatment of Personality Disorders – Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Explain the diagnostic criteria for your assigned personality disorder.

Explain the evidenced-based psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic treatment for your assigned personality disorder.

Describe clinical features from a client that led you to believe this client had this disorder. Align the clinical features with the DSM-5 criteria

American Nurses Association. (2014). Psychiatric-mental health nursing: Scope and standards of practice (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

· Standard 12 “Leadership” (pages 76-77)

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

· Chapter 4, “Theories of Personality and Psychopathology” (pp. 151–191)

· Chapter 22, “Personality Disorders” (pp. 742–762)

· Chapter 13, “Psychosomatic Medicine” (pp. 451–464)

Gabbard, G. O. (2014). Gabbard’s treatment of psychiatric disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publications.

· Chapter 68, “Paranoid, Schizotypal, and Schizoid Personality Disorders”

· Chapter 69, “Antisocial Personality Disorder”

· Chapter 70, “Borderline Personality Disorder”

· Chapter 71, “Histrionic Personality Disorder”

· Chapter 72, “Narcissistic Personality Disorder”

· Chapter 73, “Cluster C Personality Disorders

Note: You will access this book from Walden Library databases.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

· “Personality Disorders”

Note: You will access this book from Walden Library databases.

Perry, J. C., Presniak, M. D., & Olson, T. R. (2013). Defense mechanisms in schizotypal, borderline, antisocial, and narcissistic personality disorders. Psychiatry: Interpersonal & Biological Processes, 76(1), 32–52. doi:10.1521/psyc.2013.76.1.32

Note: You will access this article from Walden Library databases.

Rees, C. S., & Pritchard, R. (2015). Brief cognitive therapy for avoidant personality disorder. Psychotherapy, 52(1), 45–55. doi:10.1037/a0035158

Note: You will access this article from Walden Library databases.

Laureate Education. (2017a). A woman with personality disorder [Interactive media file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Kernberg, O. (n.d.). Psychoanalytic psychotherapy for personality disorders: An Interview with Otto Kernberg, MD. [Video file]. Mill Valley, CA:

Note: This video is approximately 94 minutes of length. You will access this article from Walden Library databases

You must proofread your paper. But do not strictly rely on your computer’s spell-checker and grammar-checker; failure to do so indicates a lack of effort on your part and you can expect your grade to suffer accordingly. Papers with numerous misspelled words and grammatical mistakes will be penalized. Read over your paper – in silence and then aloud – before handing it in and make corrections as necessary. Often it is advantageous to have a friend proofread your paper for obvious errors. Handwritten corrections are preferable to uncorrected mistakes.

Use a standard 10 to 12 point (10 to 12 characters per inch) typeface. Smaller or compressed type and papers with small margins or single-spacing are hard to read. It is better to let your essay run over the recommended number of pages than to try to compress it into fewer pages.

Likewise, large type, large margins, large indentations, triple-spacing, increased leading (space between lines), increased kerning (space between letters), and any other such attempts at “padding” to increase the length of a paper are unacceptable, wasteful of trees, and will not fool your professor.

The paper must be neatly formatted, double-spaced with a one-inch margin on the top, bottom, and sides of each page. When submitting hard copy, be sure to use white paper and print out using dark ink. If it is hard to read your essay, it will also be hard to follow your argument.


Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) is a mental health condition characterized by a pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits, as well as distorted thinking and behavior. While it is similar to other mental health disorders such as schizophrenia, there are distinct differences between them. In this essay, I will provide an overview of the diagnostic criteria for Schizotypal Personality Disorder, differentiate it from other related disorders, and discuss the various treatment options available.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) is a mental health disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentricities of behavior (Kendler, 1985). People with SPD typically have difficulties forming and maintaining relationships, as well as a narrow range of emotional expression and a tendency to be suspicious and paranoid. This disorder is often accompanied by odd behaviors, such as dressing inappropriately for the weather or speaking in a strange manner. People with SPD may also experience perceptual disturbances, such as hallucinations or delusions. In order to be diagnosed with SPD, a person must demonstrate at least five of the nine criteria outlined in the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition), and the symptoms must cause distress or impair the person’s ability to function in their daily life (Kendler, 1985). Treatment for SPD typically includes a combination of psychotherapy and medication. Thus, SPD is a complex disorder that can cause significant psychological distress, and requires careful diagnosis and treatment.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) is a mental health disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits and cognitive distortions. It has been studied in depth by researchers such as SP Kutchera, DHR Blackwood, DF Gaskell, and WJ Muir (1989). These researchers found that SPD can be differentiated from other related disorders, such as Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality Disorder. They observed that SPD is characterized by a greater degree of cognitive and perceptual distortions, which are often accompanied by odd beliefs and behaviors. Additionally, individuals with SPD may have difficulty forming and maintaining relationships due to their paranoid ideas and suspiciousness. On the other hand, individuals with Schizophrenia are more likely to display disorganized thinking and behavior, as well as hallucinations and delusions. Similarly, individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder typically display difficulties with regulating their emotions, as well as impulsivity, instability, and intense fears of abandonment. Thus, the research of the aforementioned authors (1989) demonstrates that SPD is distinguishable from other related disorders based on the presence of certain symptoms.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) is a complex and multifaceted condition that is associated with significant impairment in functioning and quality of life (Cheli, Lysaker, & Dimaggio, 2019). Treatment of SPD is thus an important clinical focus. In their 2019 study, Cheli et al. identify three treatment approaches that have been found to be effective for individuals with SPD. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is the first approach they mention. CBT involves identifying and changing maladaptive thoughts and behaviors. It can help individuals with SPD to better manage their symptoms, and create more positive, meaningful relationships. The second approach Cheli et al. discuss is Metacognitive Therapy (MCT). This approach focuses on developing adaptive beliefs and strategies to help individuals with SPD to better manage their emotions and thoughts. Lastly, Cheli et al. identify psychoeducation as a treatment approach for SPD. This involves providing education about SPD, its symptoms, and the impact it may have on an individual’s life. Psychoeducation can help individuals with SPD to better understand their condition, build self-efficacy, and engage in self-management strategies. In conclusion, Cheli et al. (2019) identified three treatment approaches that have been found to be effective in treating individuals with Schizotypal Personality Disorder. These approaches include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Metacognitive Therapy, and Psychoeducation.
Schizotypal Personality Disorder is a mental health disorder characterized by difficulty with interpersonal relationships, difficulty expressing emotion, fear of forming close relationships, and a lack of insight into the anxious and withdrawn behavior that one may display. Individuals diagnosed with this disorder may experience distorted perception, paranoia, odd thought patterns, disorganized speech, and odd behavior. It is important to note that the diagnosis of Schizotypal Personality Disorder requires the symptoms to cause significant impairment in social, occupational, or other aspects of life. Understanding the diagnostic criteria for Schizotypal Personality Disorder can assist professionals in accurately diagnosing a patient and helping them seek out appropriate treatment that can improve their quality of life.
Work Cited
S Cheli., PH Lysaker.”Metacognitively oriented psychotherapy for schizotypal personality disorder: A two‐case series.”
KS Kendler.”Diagnostic approaches to schizotypal personality disorder: a historical perspective.”
“Auditory P300 does not differentiate borderline personality disorder from schizotypal personality disorder.”

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