The smoking of cigarettes is a known risk factor associated with cancers found in most parts of the body and is linked to 1 in 3 deaths from cancer in the United States

Scenario: The smoking of cigarettes is a known risk factor associated with cancers found in most parts of the body and is linked to 1 in 3 deaths from cancer in the United States (Howlader et al. 2013). The primary routes by which cigarette smoke influence cancer development include the formation of double strand breaks by carcinogenic compounds and alteration of the epigenetic silencing of transcriptional regulatory elements. Compounds including chromium, arsenic and formaldehyde are found in cigarette smoke and induce breaks in DNA triggering repair mechanisms and silencing of nearby genes. Nicotine has been shown to activate gene expression by removing methyl groups that cause silencing in adult tissues, as well as affecting the silencing of genes during early embryogenesis (Lee and Pausova 2013).

Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, Garshell J, Neyman N, Altekruse SF, Kosary CL, Yu M, Ruhl J, Tatalovich Z, et al., editors. SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975–2010.

Lee KWK, Pausova Z. 2013. Cigarette smoking and DNA methylation. Front Genet, 4:132.

Step 1: What is the problem in the scenario above?

Step 2: Give multiple approaches to solving the problem.

Step 3: Give multiple solutions to the problem.

Step 4: Evaluate each solution thoroughly.

Step 5: Evaluate the impact of one solution.

Step 6: Analyze your thinking throughout the problem solving process.

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Open chat
1
Hello. Can we help you?